Yes! It is legal for you to buy hemp seeds or starts and cultivate your own plants in Oregon. If you are looking to grow hemp for personal use, you can grow up to four plants per household without having to register as a grower with the state. This applies to marijuana or hemp, or any combination, as long as you do not grow more than four plants. You must also be 21 years of age or older to order seeds. 

If you wish to register as a grower in Oregon, you will be allowed to grow and harvest hemp, and there is no limit to the number of plants or acreage you cultivate. The registration takes about two to four weeks, and typically costs about $1300. 


How long has it been legal to grow high CBD hemp? 


Industrial hemp (also known as cannabis Sativa L.) was a popular commodity fiber crop in the United States for much of the mid-18th century, but cultivation was criminalized in the mid-1930s. Cultivation was once again permitted with the passage of section 7606 of the 2014 Farm Bill, which allowed for authorized pilot programs that cultivated hemp with a “delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol [THC] concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis.” The 2018 Farm Bill further expanded the right to manufacture, distribute, and sell hemp and hemp-derived products. The bill removed hemp from Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act and established regulations for cultivation. 


What is the difference between marijuana and hemp? 


Both marijuana and hemp are cannabis, but the distinguishing factor is how much THC is in the particular variety. Hemp is the term used to classify any variety of cannabis that contains 0.3% of THC or lower, while marijuana is varieties that have more than 0.3% THC by dry weight. 


What are regular, feminized, and auto-flower seeds?


For those new to growing hemp, buying seeds can initially be confusing because there are various types, and they come in a wide variety of strains. Each hemp strain offers something different, so it is important to consider the specific characteristics and kind of yield you’re looking for. 

Below we will discuss the basic types of hemp seeds and how to germinate them.


Regular seeds


A pack of regular hemp seeds comes with a mix of male and female seeds. Many cultivators like to grow these because they haven’t been backcrossed as much as feminized and auto-flower seeds. Once their reproductive organs show during the flowering phase, you will need to sex out the seeds by discarding the males. The males don’t produce buds and will pollinate females, resulting in seeded flowers.


Feminized seeds


Feminized seeds will ensure that the vast majority (99%+) of your crop is female. You can plant them in soil and start growing for flowers that contain CBD and many other useful compounds. 

Buying feminized seeds from a company that focuses on the breeding and production of seeds reduces the risk of having a male sneak into your crop. All it takes is one male to pollinate a large crop, causing the females to produce seeds and potentially reducing the value of your crop.


Feminized auto-flower seeds


As the name suggests, these seeds produce plants that flower automatically with age. There is no need to manage the amount of light these plants get. The drawback of auto-flower seeds is that they are not very hardy, produce a lower yield, and are generally less potent.

Auto-flowering seeds are sometimes recommended to beginners and those who lack a “green thumb” because they are easy to plant, have a rapid growth cycle, and are relatively compact in size. 

It is important to note, however, that auto-flowering plants are highly sensitive to stress, and if the conditions aren’t ideal in their initial first six weeks of life, their growth will often be stunted and the plant will never reach its full potential. This can be particularly frustrating for growers, since even full-sized auto-flower plants are relatively small. 

Experienced growers are often frustrated when the weather or another condition was not optimal during the critical stage of germination through vegetative growth. So, auto-flower plants are not quite as easy to grow as one might think! In our experience, full-season plants are much easier to grow, but they present their own challenges in terms of management and harvest that don’t necessarily apply to auto-flower plants. 


How To Germinate Hemp Seeds


Before you plant your CBD and/or CBG hemp seeds, you need to germinate them. Germination is a process by which seeds become hydrated. When seeds become hydrated, the enzymes in them become activated, and they are then ready to grow. When a seed is germinated, the beginning of a root emerges from the seed’s shell.

To germinate a seed, you have to first determine whether or not your seed is viable. Ideal CBD seeds typically have a dark color with black stripes. 

The easiest way to germinate a seed is the paper towel method. Place the seeds between two damp paper towels on top of a flat surface, such as a tray, and keep it on a warm surface. In just a few days, a root should break through the seed. Many growers prefer to pre-soak the seeds for 12 hours – this can help moisten the exterior of the shell, marking it easier for the root to break through.


Buy High-Quality CBD Seeds from Oregon


Phytonyx offers varieties of premium feminized hemp seeds in Oregon. Our original CBD strains are derived through pheno/chemo-selection from an array of genetics. Through lab testing and field trials, we have collected data for cannabinoid content and ratios as well as terpene profiles, vigor, and resistance to pests and pathogens. We have crossed, tested, analyzed, selected to ensure our hemp strains deliver top-notch performance. You can view our hemp seed catalog here.  

While Phytonyx’s specialty is the production of hemp seeds, we also offer a variety of other related services. Because of our worldwide networks, accumulated agricultural knowledge, and extensive research and development, Phytonyx has many valuable solutions for you and your hemp business. To learn more about how we can help, please call us at (541) 640-7598 today.